Lisinopril is used to treat a number of different conditions and is generally well tolerated.
The first dose may make you feel dizzy.
Some painkillers and indigestion remedies interfere with lisinopril, so ask your pharmacist for advice before you buy any medicines.
|Type of medicine||Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor|
|Used for||High blood pressure |
To help prevent problems after a heart attack
Circulation problems associated with diabetes
|Also called||Zestril®; Carace Plus® (lisinopril with hydrochlorothiazide); Zestoretic® (lisinopril with hydrochlorothiazide)|
Lisinopril is used mainly in the treatment of hypertension (high blood pressure) and heart failure (a condition where your heart does not work as well as it should). It is also used in some forms of kidney disease, such as diabetic kidney disease, and to help protect your heart after a heart attack.
ACE inhibitors like lisinopril prevent your body from creating a hormone known as angiotensin II. They do this by blocking (inhibiting) a chemical called angiotensin-converting enzyme. This relaxes your blood vessels and helps to reduce the amount of water put back into your blood by the kidneys. These actions help to decrease blood pressure. People with high blood pressure often do not feel unwell but, if left untreated, high blood pressure can harm the heart and damage blood vessels, leading to a heart attack or stroke. Lisinopril can be used on its own or alongside other medicines which reduce blood pressure (such as hydrochlorothiazide).
In heart failure, there may be too much circulating fluid in your blood vessels. ACE inhibitors help to reduce this. They appear to have a protective effect on the heart and slow the progression of the heart failure.
Before taking lisinopril
Some medicines are not suitable for people with certain conditions, and sometimes a medicine may only be used if extra care is taken. For these reasons, before you start taking lisinopril it is important that your doctor or pharmacist knows:
- If you are pregnant, trying for a baby or breast-feeding.
- If you have kidney problems.
- If you are dehydrated - for example, if you have had diarrhoea or sickness very recently.
- If you have been told you have atherosclerosis (a build-up of fatty deposits on the walls of your arteries).
- If you have peripheral vascular disease (a particular type of poor circulation).
- If you have collagen vascular disease, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or scleroderma.
- If you have been told you have cardiomyopathy (cardiac muscle disease), or aortic stenosis (narrowing of the main blood vessel from your heart).
- If you have ever had angio-oedema (where your face, tongue or throat swells).
- If you are having desensitisation treatment to protect against bee and wasp stings.
- If you have dialysis treatment, or treatment to remove cholesterol from your blood by a machine (LDL apheresis).
- If you are taking any other medicines. This includes any medicines you are taking which are available to buy without a prescription, such as herbal and complementary medicines.
- If you have ever had an allergic or unusual reaction to any other ACE inhibitor (such as ramipril, captopril and perindopril), or to any other medicine.
How to take lisinopril
- Before you start this treatment, read the manufacturer's printed information leaflet from inside the pack. The leaflet will give you more information about the specific brand of lisinopril you have been given, and a full list of possible side-effects from taking it.
- Take the tablets exactly as your doctor has told you to. Your dose will be on the label of the pack to remind you. It is taken once daily. Your doctor may advise you take your very first dose at bedtime. This is because you may feel dizzy when you first start taking it.
- After this first dose, take lisinopril at a time of day you find easy to remember and try to take it at the same time each day. This will help you to remember to take it. You can take lisinopril tablets before or after meals.
- If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If you do not remember until the following day, skip the missed dose. Do not take two doses together to make up for a forgotten dose.
Getting the most from your treatment
- Try to keep your regular appointments with your doctor. This is so your progress can be monitored. Your doctor will want you to have some blood tests to check on your kidney function from time to time.
- It is very important that you follow any dietary and lifestyle advice that you may have been given by your doctor, such as eating a healthy diet, not smoking, and taking regular exercise.
- If you buy any medicines, check with a pharmacist that they are suitable to take with lisinopril. This is because some medicines (such as anti-inflammatory painkillers and indigestion remedies) may interfere with these tablets.
- If you drink alcohol, ask your doctor for advice about taking lisinopril and alcohol. Alcohol will increase feelings of light-headedness and may not be recommended for you.
- If you have diabetes you may need to check your blood glucose more frequently as these tablets may lower the levels of sugar in your blood. Your doctor will advise you about this.
- If you are having an operation or dental treatment, tell the person carrying out the treatment that you are taking lisinopril. This is because if you need an anaesthetic, it may make your blood pressure drop.
- Treatment with lisinopril is often long-term unless you experience an adverse effect. Continue to take the tablets unless you are advised otherwise.
Can lisinopril cause problems?
Along with their useful effects, most medicines can cause unwanted side-effects although not everyone experiences them. These usually improve as your body adjusts to the new medicine, but speak with your doctor or pharmacist if any of the following side-effects continue or become troublesome.
|Common lisinopril side-effects - these affect less than 1 in 10 people who take this medicine||What can I do if I experience this?|
|Feeling light-headed or dizzy, especially when standing up||Getting up more slowly should help. If you begin to feel dizzy, lie down so that you do not faint, then sit for a few moments before standing. If this continues beyond the first few days, speak with your doctor|
|Feeling or being sick, indigestion, abdominal pain, diarrhoea||Stick to bland foods - avoid rich and spicy meals|
|Dry irritating cough||If this continues, speak with your doctor, as an alternative medicine may be better for you|
|Headache||Ask your pharmacist to recommend a suitable painkiller|
|Kidney problems||Your doctor will monitor you for this|
Important: if you experience any of the following rare but serious symptoms, stop taking lisinopril and contact your doctor for advice straightaway:
- Any difficulty breathing, or swelling of your face, mouth, tongue or throat. These are signs of an allergic reaction.
- Any yellowing of your skin or whites of your eyes. These may be signs of jaundice which is a rare side-effect.
- A severe skin rash.
If you experience any other symptoms which you think may be due to this medicine, speak with your doctor or pharmacist.
How to store lisinopril
- Keep all medicines out of the reach and sight of children.
- Store in a cool, dry place, away from direct heat and light.
Important information about all medicines
Never take more than the prescribed dose. If you suspect that you or someone else might have taken an overdose of this medicine, go to the accident and emergency department of your local hospital at once. Take the container with you, even if it is empty.
This medicine is for you. Never give it to other people even if their condition appears to be the same as yours.
Do not keep out-of-date or unwanted medicines. Take them to your local pharmacy which will dispose of them for you.
If you have any questions about this medicine ask your pharmacist.
Further reading & references
- Manufacturer's PIL, Zestril® 2.5 mg, 5 mg,10 mg, and 20 mg tablets; AstraZeneca UK Limited, The electronic Medicines Compendium. Dated November 2011.
- British National Formulary; 64th Edition (Sep 2012) British Medical Association and Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, London
Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. EMIS has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. For details see our conditions.
Dr Hannah Gronow