|Type of medicine||Tricylic antidepressant|
|Used for||Treatment of depression, obsessions and phobias
Muscular weakness in narcolepsy
|Also called||Anafranil®, Anafranil SR®|
|Available as||Capsules and modified-release tablets|
Clomipramine helps ease the symptoms of a number of different problems.
Depression: depression can develop for no apparent reason or it may be triggered by a life event such as a relationship problem, bereavement, or illness. At the moment the cause of depression is not understood.
Phobias and obsessions: a phobia is a marked fear or dread of something. An obsession is an intrusive thought or urge. Both of these can cause feelings of distress and can prevent you from getting on with normal activities. Although it is not clear what causes these problems, slight changes in the balance of chemicals in the brain may play a role.
Cataplexy associated with narcolepsy: narcolepsy is a long-term problem which affects sleep and is often associated with a condition called cataplexy. Cataplexy is where there is a sudden loss of muscle strength triggered by an emotion such as anger or excitement. This can cause you to drop things or stumble. Clomipramine can help ease this symptom.
Clomipramine can help ease the symptoms in each of these conditions.
Before taking clomipramine
Before taking clomipramine make sure your doctor or pharmacist knows:
- If you are pregnant, trying for a baby or breast-feeding.
- If you have thyroid problems.
- If you have liver problems.
- If you have epilepsy.
- If you have diabetes.
- If you have been constipated for several days.
- If you have any difficulties passing urine, or have had prostate trouble.
- If you have recently had a heart attack, or have any other heart problems.
- If you have ever had a mental health problem (such as bipolar disorder or psychosis).
- If you have glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye).
- If you have phaeochromocytoma (a tumour on your adrenal gland).
- If you have porphyria (a rare inherited blood disorder).
- If you are taking other medicines, including those available to buy without a prescription, herbal and complementary medicines. This is especially important if you have taken a treatment for depression, known as a monoamine-oxidase inhibitor (MAOI), recently.
- If you have ever had an allergic reaction to this or to any other medicine.
How to take clomipramine
- Before starting this treatment, read the manufacturer's printed information leaflet from inside the pack.
- Take clomipramine exactly as your doctor has told you.
- Clomipramine can cause drowsiness so your doctor may advise you to take a small dose when you first start taking clomipramine and then to increase it gradually as your body gets used to it.
- Clomipramine is usually given as a once-a-day dose at bedtime, although it may also be taken in smaller doses two or three times a day. Your doctor will have told you which is right for you and these directions will be on the label of the pack for you too.
- It is not important whether you take clomipramine before or after food.
- Try to take clomipramine at the same time(s) each day to avoid missing any doses.
- If you do forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember unless it is nearly time for your next dose, in which case leave out the missed dose. Do not take two doses together to make up for a forgotten dose.
Getting the most from your treatment
- You may feel that clomipramine is not working for you straightaway. It can take a week or two after starting this treatment before the effect begins to build up, and 4-6 weeks before you feel the full benefit. Do not stop taking clomipramine after a week or so, thinking it is not helping.
- Try to keep your regular appointments with your doctor. This is so your doctor can check on your progress.
- Do not drink alcohol while you are being treated with clomipramine. Taking clomipramine and alcohol will increase the chance that you experience side-effects.
- If you buy any medicines, check with a pharmacist that they are safe to take with clomipramine.
- There are several types of antidepressants and they differ in their possible side-effects. If you find that clomipramine does not suit you then let your doctor know, as another may be found that will.
- While you feel depressed or are taking clomipramine, you may have thoughts about harming yourself or ending your life. It is very important that you tell your doctor about this if it happens.
- If you are taking clomipramine for depression, your doctor will ask you to carry on taking it even after you feel better. You should expect that a normal course of treatment will last for around six months after your symptoms have eased.
- Clomipramine may cause your skin to become more sensitive to sunlight than usual. Avoid strong sunlight and sunbeds until you know how your skin reacts.
- If you have diabetes you may need to check your blood glucose more frequently, as clomipramine may affect the levels of sugar in your blood. Your doctor will be able to advise you about this.
- Do not stop taking clomipramine unless your doctor tells you to do so. Stopping treatment suddenly can sometimes cause problems and your doctor may want you to reduce your dose gradually if this is necessary
Can clomipramine cause problems?
Along with their useful effects, most medicines can cause unwanted side-effects although not everyone experiences them. These usually improve as your body adjusts to the new medicine, but speak with your doctor or pharmacist if any of the following side-effects continue or become troublesome.
|Common clomipramine side-effects||What can I do if I experience this?|
|Dry mouth||Try chewing sugar-free gum or sweets|
|Constipation||Try to eat a well-balanced diet containing plenty of fibre and drink plenty of water each day|
|Blurred vision, feeling sleepy, dizzy or tired||If this happens, do not drive or use tools or machines. Do not drink alcohol|
|Headache||Ask your pharmacist to recommend a suitable painkiller. If the headache continues, speak with your doctor|
|Feeling faint or light-headed, especially when getting up from a sitting or lying position||Getting up more slowly may help. If you begin to feel faint, sit down until the feeling passes|
|Feeling or being sick, diarrhoea||Stick to simple foods. Try eating smaller meals but more regularly. If you are sick or have diarrhoea, drink plenty of water to replace lost fluids|
|Feeling of a fast heartbeat||Speak with your doctor if this continues|
|Sweating, hot flushes, difficulty in passing urine, increased appetite, confusion, feeling anxious, disturbed sleep, lack of concentration, feeling shaky, muscle weakness, itchy skin rash, weight changes, changes in sexual function, breast tenderness, changes in taste, ringing in ears||If any of these become troublesome, speak with your doctor for advice|
If you experience any other symptoms which you think may be due to this medicine, speak with your doctor or pharmacist.
How to store clomipramine
- Keep all medicines out of the reach and sight of children.
- Store in a cool, dry place, away from direct heat and light.
Important information about all medicines
Further reading & references
- British National Formulary; 62nd Edition (Sep 2011) British Medical Association and Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, London
- Manufacturer's PIL, Anafranil® 10 mg, 25 mg and 50 mg Capsules and 75 mg sustained release Tablets; Manufacturer's PIL, Anafranil® 10 mg, 25 mg and 50 mg Capsules and 75 mg sustained release Tablets, Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Ltd, electronic Medicines Compendium. Dated July 2010.
|Original Author: Helen Allen||Current Version: Helen Allen||Peer Reviewer: Dr Adrian Bonsall|
|Last Checked: 15/12/2011||Document ID: 3537 Version: 23||© EMIS|
Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. EMIS has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. For details see our conditions.