About tiaprofenic acid
|Type of medicine||Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)|
|Used for||Pain and inflammation in rheumatic disease and other muscle and joint conditions|
Anti-inflammatory painkillers like tiaprofenic acid are sometimes called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or just 'anti-inflammatories'. Tiaprofenic acid eases pain and reduces inflammation in rheumatic disease and other conditions where there is pain and swelling in the muscles and joints.
Tiaprofenic acid works by blocking the effect of chemicals called cyclo-oxygenase (COX) enzymes. These enzymes help to make other chemicals in the body, called prostaglandins. Some prostaglandins are produced at sites of injury or damage, and cause pain and inflammation. By blocking the effect of COX enzymes, fewer prostaglandins are produced, which means pain and inflammation are eased.
Before taking tiaprofenic acid
Some medicines are not suitable for people with certain conditions, and sometimes a medicine may only be used if extra care is taken. For these reasons, before you start taking tiaprofenic acid, it is important that your doctor or pharmacist knows:
- If you have a urinary tract problem, or you tend to have urine infections.
- If you have asthma or any other allergic disorder.
- If you have ever had a stomach or duodenal ulcer.
- If you are pregnant, trying for a baby or breast-feeding.
- If you are under 18 or over 65 years of age.
- If you have liver, kidney or prostate problems.
- If you have a heart condition, or a problem with your blood vessels or circulation.
- If you have high blood pressure.
- If you have ever had blood clotting problems.
- If you have systemic lupus erythematosus (an inflammatory condition also called lupus, or SLE).
- If you are taking other medicines, including those available to buy without a prescription, herbal and complementary medicines.
- If you have ever had an allergic reaction to any other NSAID (such as aspirin, ibuprofen, diclofenac, and indometacin), or to any other medicine.
How to take tiaprofenic acid
- Before you start taking tiaprofenic acid, read the manufacturer's printed information leaflet from inside the pack. The leaflet will give you more information about tiaprofenic acid and provide a full list of possible side-effects from taking it.
- Take tiaprofenic acid exactly as your doctor has told you. The usual dose is one 300 mg tablet taken twice a day. Your dose will also be on the label of the pack.
- Take your doses with a snack or just after eating a meal.
- Try to take tiaprofenic acid at the same times each day to avoid missing any doses.
- If you do forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember unless it is nearly time for your next dose, in which case leave out the missed dose. Do not take two doses together to make up for a forgotten dose.
Getting the most from your treatment
- Your doctor will try to prescribe you the lowest dose for the shortest time to reduce the risk of side-effects. Your doctor may also want to prescribe another medicine along with it to protect your stomach from irritation.
- Try to keep your regular appointments with your doctor. This is so your doctor can check on your progress.
- If you have asthma, symptoms such as wheeze or breathlessness can be made worse by anti-inflammatories such as tiaprofenic acid. If this happens to you, you should stop taking the tablets and see your doctor as soon as possible.
- If you buy any medicines, check with a pharmacist that they are safe to take with an anti-inflammatory.
- If you are having an operation or dental treatment, tell the person carrying out the treatment which medicines you are taking.
Can tiaprofenic acid cause problems?
Along with their useful effects, most medicines can cause unwanted side-effects although not everyone experiences them. These usually improve as your body adjusts to the new medicine, but speak with your doctor or pharmacist if any of the following side-effects continue or become troublesome.
|Common tiaprofenic acid side-effects||What can I do if I experience this?|
|Feeling or being sick||Stick to simple or bland foods - avoid rich or spicy foods|
|Indigestion, heartburn, abdominal pain, wind||Take your dose after a meal if you are not already doing so. If the discomfort continues, speak with your doctor|
|Feeling dizzy or sleepy||If this happens do not drive or use tools or machines until your reactions return to normal|
|Diarrhoea||Drink plenty of water to replace the lost fluids|
|Other less common side-effects: headache, nervousness, mood changes, difficulty sleeping, vertigo (dizziness), constipation, and tinnitus (noises in the ear)||If any of these become troublesome, speak with your doctor|
Important: if you experience any of the following uncommon but serious symptoms, stop taking tiaprofenic acid and contact your doctor for advice straightaway:
- If you feel an urgent need to pass urine more regularly or at night, or if you notice blood in your urine.
- If you pass blood or black stools, vomit blood, or have abdominal pains.
- If you have any breathing difficulties such as wheeze or breathlessness.
- If you have any signs of an allergic reaction such as swelling around your mouth or face, or an itchy skin rash.
If you experience any other symptoms which you think may be due to this medicine, discuss them with your doctor or pharmacist
How to store tiaprofenic acid
- Keep all medicines out of the reach and sight of children.
- Store in a cool, dry place, away from direct heat and light.
Important information about all medicines
Further reading & references
- British National Formulary; 62nd Edition (Sep 2011) British Medical Association and Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, London
- Manufacturer's PIL, Surgam® 300 mg tablets; Manufacturer's PIL, Surgam® 300 mg tablets, sanofi-aventis, electronic Medicines Compendium. Dated April 2009.
|Original Author: Helen Allen||Current Version: Helen Allen||Peer Reviewer: Dr Helen Huins|
|Last Checked: 20/02/2012||Document ID: 3320 Version: 23||© EMIS|
Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. EMIS has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. For details see our conditions.