|Type of medicine||Penicillin antibiotic|
|Used for||Bacterial infections|
|Available as||Capsules, oral liquid and injection|
Flucloxacillin is used to treat bacterial infections such as infections of the skin, chest and throat. It works by killing or stopping the growth of bacteria that cause the infection.
Before taking flucloxacillin
Before taking flucloxacillin make sure your doctor or pharmacist knows:
- If you are pregnant or breast-feeding.
- If you have liver problems or have ever had liver problems after taking an antibiotic.
- If you have kidney problems.
- If you are taking other medicines, including those available to buy without a prescription, herbal and complementary medicines.
- If you have ever had an allergic reaction to this or any other medicine. It is particularly important that you tell your doctor if you are allergic to any antibiotics.
How to take flucloxacillin
- Before beginning treatment, read the manufacturer's printed information leaflet from inside the pack.
- Take flucloxacillin exactly as your doctor has told you.
- Flucloxacillin is usually taken every six hours. Space the doses evenly throughout the day.
- Keep taking this antibiotic until the course is finished unless you are told to stop. This is to prevent your infection from coming back.
- Take flucloxacillin when your stomach is empty. This means an hour before food or 2 hours after food.
- Try not to miss any doses. If you do forget a dose, take it as soon as you remember unless it is nearly time for your next dose, in which case leave out the missed dose. Do not take two doses together to make up for a forgotten dose.
Getting the most from your treatment
- Some people develop thrush (redness and itching in the mouth or vagina) after taking a course of antibiotics. If you think you have thrush speak with your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
- If you are using oral combined hormonal contraception (the 'pill'), additional contraceptive precautions such as condoms are not required during a course of this antibiotic unless you are sick or have diarrhoea. If you need further advice, speak with your doctor or pharmacist.
- If you are having an operation or dental treatment, tell the person carrying out the treatment that you are taking a penicillin antibiotic.
- This antibiotic may stop the oral typhoid vaccine from working. If you are having any vaccinations, make sure the person treating you knows that you are taking this medicine.
- If you still feel unwell after completing your course of flucloxacillin, make another appointment to see your doctor.
Can flucloxacillin cause problems?
Along with their useful effects, most medicines can cause unwanted side-effects although not everyone experiences them. These usually improve as your body adjusts to the new medicine, but speak with your doctor or pharmacist if any of the following side-effects continue or become troublesome.
|Common side-effects||What can I do if I experience this|
|Feeling or being sick, stomach ache||Eat little and often and stick to simple or bland foods|
|Diarrhoea||Drink plenty of water to replace lost fluids. If the diarrhoea is severe or lasts for more than 24 hours, see your doctor|
|Thrush, skin rash and itching||Speak with your doctor or pharmacist for advice|
Important: If you experience any of the following rare symptoms, stop taking flucloxacillin and contact your doctor for advice straight away:
- Swelling of your tongue, mouth, or face, or any problems with your breathing.
- A severe itchy skin rash.
- Jaundice, fever or pain in your joints.
- Severe diarrhoea.
If you experience any other symptoms which you think may be due to this medicine, speak with your doctor or pharmacist.
How to store flucloxacillin
- Keep all medicines out of the reach and sight of children.
- Store flucloxacillin capsules in a cool, dry place, away from direct heat and light.
- Store flucloxacillin oral liquid in a refrigerator and do not use it after the expiry date shown on the label.
Important information about all medicines
Further reading & references
- British National Formulary; 62nd Edition (Sep 2011) British Medical Association and Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, London
- Manufacturer's PIL, Floxapen® 250mg and 500mg capsules; Manufacturer's PIL, Floxapen® 250mg and 500mg capsules, Actavis UK Ltd, electronic Medicines Compendium. Dated February 2009.
- Manufacturer's PIL, Flucloxacillin 125mg/5ml Sugar-Free Powder for Oral Solution; Manufacturer's PIL, Flucloxacillin 125mg/5ml Sugar-Free Powder for Oral Solution, Actavis UK Ltd, electronic Medicines Compendium. Dated March 2101.
|Original Author: Helen Allen||Current Version: Helen Allen|
|Last Checked: 07/06/2011||Document ID: 3441 Version: 24||© EMIS|
Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. EMIS has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. For details see our conditions.